Lentigo maligna, Squamous cell carcinoma, and Superficial spreading melanoma are the three types of skin cancer on foot.
There are three main types of skin cancer that can occur on the foot. These include Lentigo maligna, Squamous cell carcinoma, and Superficial spreading melanoma.
It is important to know how to identify these conditions, as well as how to treat them. If you notice any suspicious lesions, make sure you see a doctor as soon as possible.
Types and Symptoms of Skin Cancer
In terms of skin cancer of the feet, the following are some of the most common:
Lentigo maligna skin cancer is a type of melanoma, and it often has jagged outer edges. It can be black, red, or blue, and can grow to a width of 6mm or more.
It can be detected through a biopsy or by using a dermatoscope, a device that combines a magnifying lens and a bright light to view the affected area.
If the lentigo maligna is small, it can be removed surgically. If the lesion is larger, it is usually treated with radiation therapy. Liquid nitrogen cryotherapy, however, is not recommended for this condition.
The main cause of lentigo maligna is chronic cumulative exposure to the sun’s ultraviolet rays, including UVA and UVB rays. These rays affect the DNA of the cells, causing small mutations. These mutations then pass down from one generation to the next.
Depending on the location of the lesions, lentigo maligna can be invasive. In three to 10 percent of cases, it can lead to melanoma. In these cases, the patient must be seen by a medical professional to confirm the diagnosis.
Chondrosarcoma is a type of cancer that affects the cartilage cells in the body. There are four types of this disease: conventional chondrosarcoma, clear cell chondrosarcoma, mesenchymal chondrosarcoma, and dedifferentiated chondrosarcoma.
It is highly aggressive and can spread rapidly. Fortunately, there are treatments available for chondrosarcoma and patients can live a long and healthy life.
The histological grade of chondrosarcoma is the best predictor of local recurrence and distant metastasis. Low-grade chondrosarcomas grow slowly and rarely metastasize, while high-grade chondrosarcoma grows rapidly.
Patients with grade I chondrosarcoma usually have a five-year survival rate of eighty-three percent, while patients with grade II and III chondrosarcomas have a 50% or lower chance of survival.
Surgery is the most common treatment for chondrosarcoma. In most cases, surgeons will remove the tumor and a margin of healthy tissue surrounding it. If the tumor has spread, it may be necessary to amputate the affected limb.
Radiation therapy is another option. It can help destroy the cancer cells that remain after surgery. Physical therapy may also be necessary after surgery. It aims to reduce pain and edema, and improve the patient’s quality of life.
Squamous cell carcinoma
Squamous cell carcinoma is a type of foot skin cancer that begins in the squamous cells of the skin. It starts slowly and then grows aggressively, often extending to the surrounding tissues.
Its symptoms may start out as a small, scaly bump or sore that may crack and bleed. It may also appear like a plantar wart, a fungal infection, or eczema.
Treatment for this type of foot cancer will depend on the location of the lesion, the type of growth, and the severity of the cancer.
The incidence of squamous cell carcinoma of the foot is relatively low and may be underdiagnosed. Patients presenting with squamous cell carcinoma of the foot often receive inappropriate initial treatment.
In one study, a 41-year-old man presented with primary SCC in his left foot. He had been on highly active antiretroviral therapy for 7 years while in prison. He had an unfavorable prognosis, but was cured after surgery.
If the squamous cell cancer of the foot is detected early, the patient has a very high survival rate. The five-year survival rate is 99 percent if the disease is diagnosed in its early stages. It can be effectively treated with radiation therapy and surgery.
Superficial spreading melanoma
A foot can develop a suspicious patch of skin discoloration that is not related to an existing skin condition. These patches are typically flat in shape and may resemble a melanocytic naevus, lentigo, or ephelis.
They can grow slowly over months or years. There are many signs that can help identify these lesions. The most common symptoms are color variation, asymmetry, and a distinct border.
Detecting this potentially life-threatening skin condition can be challenging, especially when it occurs on the foot. However, when diagnosed early, melanoma in the foot has a good prognosis.
Fortunately, there are guidelines that can help health care professionals recognize these lesions.
If you suspect that you may have this skin cancer, you should visit your physician as soon as possible. A doctor can tell you what to look for and how to treat it. Often, a foot melanoma will look like a dark, patch of skin or a dark streak on a fingernail.
What Can Cause Skin Cancer on Your Foot?
- Sun’s harmful rays
- Exposure to chemicals
- Chronic inflammation or irritation, or inherited traits
Skin cancer on the foot can be very dangerous if it’s not treated in time. Preventing it starts with avoiding excessive sun exposure and applying sunscreen every day.
It’s also important to wear protective clothing and avoid tanning beds and sunlamps. A podiatrist can help you find and treat this type of cancer early.
The most common type of foot skin cancer is squamous cell carcinoma. This type starts out small and slowly spreads to surrounding tissues. It usually appears as a small, scaly bump or ulcer. It can also look like a wart or callus. If left untreated, it can even spread to the rest of the body.
Another type of skin cancer on the foot is melanoma. This form of skin cancer grows larger than moles and destroys healthy tissue. While there is no specific cause for melanoma, sunlight exposure and other environmental factors can lead to it. It is difficult to diagnose skin cancer on the foot.
There is no way to know if you have skin cancer or not without a skin biopsy. According to the American Academy of Dermatology, a skin biopsy is absolutely necessary for diagnosing skin cancer.
A physical examination is usually the first step towards detecting skin cancer. The Skin Cancer Foundation and the American Cancer Society recommend self-examinations on a monthly basis and doctor visits on an annual basis.
Unlike skin cancer on the rest of the body, melanoma in the foot is often undetected until it has spread to the toenails. A diagnosis requires a sample of the affected area. A doctor will be able to tell which type is present based on the characteristics of the cancerous tissue.
Prevention of skin cancer
Skin cancer on the feet and ankles can be prevented in the same way as skin cancer on any other part of the body by limiting sun exposure and using sunscreen when you are outside and your feet and ankles are exposed to the sun.