normocytic anemia

Normocytic anemia is a type of anemia, in which the red blood cell count is very low. This condition is usually caused by chronic disease, such as arthritis. 

Normocytic anemia is a condition in which the body produces fewer than normal-sized red blood cells. This condition can develop from any number of causes and is often diagnosed during routine physical exams. 

It is best to see a physician for an accurate diagnosis, as it can lead to severe complications if left untreated. To ensure a proper diagnosis, you should undergo a complete blood count (CBC) test.

What is Normocytic Anaemia?

Normocytic anemia is a disorder that affects the production of red blood cells. Patients with this disorder typically feel tired, have a pale complexion, and are lightheaded. 

While this type of anemia cannot be completely cured, it is often treatable with diet changes and medicine.

A study published by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) found that eating iron-rich foods can prevent and treat common types of anemia. The best sources of iron include red meat (especially beef and liver), poultry, fish, and shellfish.

Symptoms of Normogytic Anemia

The symptoms and treatment of normocytic anemia vary from one individual to another, so it is important to seek a team of health care professionals for a thorough assessment. 

The following symptoms are commonly associated with normocytic anemia:

  1. Fatigue, low energy.
  2. General feeling of being weak.
  3. Pale skin.
  4. Dizziness.
  5. Headaches.
  6. Lack of concentration and memory (brain fog).
  7. Lack of motivation.

Your primary care provider, hematologist, gastroenterologist, gynecologist, and surgeon can all be consulted for diagnosis and treatment. 

Treatment for this disorder focuses on identifying the underlying disease and the symptoms, so that appropriate treatments can be used to attenuate the anemia and prevent complications.

What is the Cause of Normalized Anemia?

To determine the cause of normocytic anaemia, your physician may run a blood test called a reticulocyte count. This test will determine if your bone marrow is producing enough healthy red blood cells. 

If your reticulocyte count is high, this indicates that your bone marrow is responding to the need for blood. If it is low, however, there may be an underlying problem.

There are several possible causes of normocytic anemia, including:

  1. Heavy menstrual bleeding.
  2. Chronic bleeding, usually due to a gastrointestinal problem 
  3. Bleeding from an injury.
  4. Chronic kidney, heart, or liver disease.
  5. COPD.
  6. Sickle cell disease or infection can cause hemolysis (premature destruction of red blood cells).
  7. Having cancer or being treated for cancer.
  8. Bone marrow disease.

Normocytic Anemia: How Is It Diagnosed? 

normocytic anemia diagnosed

A test for normocytic anemia is performed when the blood is low in red blood cells. This condition can have many causes, including bleeding, autoimmune disease, or chronic disease that affects the red blood cells. It is usually more severe if there is a combination of causes. 

In some cases, the symptoms may be indicative of a more serious condition, such as a cardiovascular disease or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

Other diagnostic tests may be required. Depending on the underlying cause, additional tests may be performed, including blood urea nitrogen (BUN), prothrombin time, liver function tests, and pregnancy tests. 

Specific anemia treatments will depend on the specific causes of the anemia, but the tests that the doctor performs should be tailored to the specific needs of the patient.

Typically, anemia is detected by a complete blood count (CBC), which determines the number of red blood cells in the blood. Anemia can be inherited, so if a family member has a history of the disease, he or she will need to be tested to rule out this condition

If there is a history of anemia, a bone marrow biopsy may be done to determine whether the condition is hereditary. If this is the case, other family members may also need to be tested.

A person with anemia has fewer or weaker red blood cells than normal. As a result, blood carries less oxygen through the body, so men tend to be more likely than women to have anemia by age 65. 

Anemia affects 22 percent of men and 16 percent of women over 80 years old.

How is Normocytic Anemia Treated?

risk factors for normocytic anemia

Treatment of normocytic anemia includes controlling blood loss, treating the underlying disease, and administering medications that encourage red blood cell production

While most people do not need all of these treatments, they can help patients with a lower red blood cell count. Blood transfusion, which is the direct infusion of donor blood, is a common treatment for severe normocytic anemia. 

It is also commonly used to help normalize red blood cell counts after traumatic injuries. Other treatments for normocytic anemia include taking medication that promotes the production of red blood cells.