Uganda for mountaineering and hiking (1)
Due to their spectacular beauty and block formation, the Rwenzori Mountains were rated the ninth best mountain climbing and hiking destination in the world. PHOTO/ Kilimanjaro Budget Safaris

Trekking, hiking, and mountaineering all have the same ring to them. You will learn more about hiking and mountaineering in Uganda in this article.

Trekking, hiking, and mountaineering all have a similar ring to them. In this article, we will examine hiking and mountaineering in Uganda more closely. However, they have numerous distinctions.

These adventures differ in terms of the type of terrain, technical difficulty, and equipment required.

The term ‘hiking’ refers to extended periods of walking along pathways. Hiking is a relatively simple activity that does not require climbing expertise or equipment. It can be performed by anyone regardless of age, gender, or degree of fitness.

Simply put, trekking is similar to hiking. It typically lasts two or more days longer. Thus, trekking is typically lengthier than hiking and could be more physically difficult due to the rugged terrain. Trekking, like hiking, does not require technical abilities or understanding.

Mountaineering, on the other hand, refers to the sport of mountain climbing. It takes a great level of technical ability and fitness. Mountaineering is the act of ascending a mountain to its summit. This is for those with an adventurer’s soul, a strong level of self-confidence, and the capacity to survive under severe conditions.

It is a recreational activity that involves ascending to the summits of mountains. Mountaineering entails rock climbing, ice climbing, and skiing – in short, whatever the terrain requires – to reach the summit. Mountaineering is by definition adventurous, involves some risk, and demands technical expertise.

Mountaineering, because of its technical nature, is frequently undertaken in pairs, groups, or with the assistance of a professional guide.

In this article, we will examine hiking and mountaineering in Uganda, in further detail.

While the phrases ‘mountaineering’ and ‘hiking’ are not synonymous, mountaineering will always require some hiking. Indeed, one may consider hiking to be the bedrock of mountaineering, with additional strategies such as climbing and skiing used as needed.

However, due to the nature of mountaineering, it is important to understand that the trekking involved is constantly at a high altitude, requiring training, acclimatization, and protective clothing and equipment – possibly even carrying supplemental oxygen.

Places in Uganda for mountaineering and hiking

Rwenzori Mountains 

Rwenzori Mountains hiking (1)
Known for their spectacular beauty and block formation, the Rwenzori Mountains are regarded as the greatest in Africa and the ninth best in the world for mountain climbing and hiking excursions. PHOTO/RWANDA GORILLA TOURS

Each year, about 7500 visitors visit the Rwenzori highlands to climb Mount Stanley, the highest peak in the range. 

The Rwenzori mountains run along Uganda’s border with the Democratic Republic of Congo, measuring 120 kilometres in length and 65 kilometres in width. 

They are home to Africa’s third-highest peak, Mt. Stanley (5109m), and are one of only three countries on the continent with permanently snow-capped peaks.

The Rwenzori Mountains were named the greatest in Africa and ninth in the world for mountain climbing and hiking excursions due to their spectacular beauty and block formation. There are numerous pathways that people can use for fascinating mountain treks. 

The longest trek, dubbed the Central Circuit, lasts eight days and seven nights and provides the opportunity for those who are fit to ascend Rwenzori’s highest mountain. 

The route allows for up-close views of Mount Speke, Mount Stanley, Mount Luigi di Savoia, and Mount Baker

At the moment, the fee for a week-long journey into the range, which includes an ascent of Margherita Peak, is US $990, plus the additional US $150 for each subsequent peak on Mt. Stanley. 

Further fees apply if you intend to ascend additional peaks in the range. Other shorter trails, including the three-day Mahoma loop, the one-day Chimpanzee trail, and the one-day Kilembe trail, provide easier hikes.

Elgon Mountain

Elgon Mountain HIKING (1)
The goal of climbing Mt. Elgon is not just to reach the summit, but to discover the unique species inhabiting the slopes. FILE PHOTO

Mt. Elgon is located in eastern Uganda on the Kenyan border, with its highest peak, Wagagai, on the Ugandan side. 

It was once Africa’s highest peak but was gradually eroded near the summit, reducing it to its current height of 4321m — eighth in Africa and fourth in East Africa. 

Additionally, the mountain is home to the world’s largest caldera, extending 50 kilometres by 80 kilometres. Climbing Mt. Elgon is not just about reaching the summit; it’s also about discovering the unique species that inhabit the slopes. 

The different vegetation zones are home to an abundance of wildlife, which you may encounter on your trip. 

Additionally, there are unique elements such as caverns, water pools, waterfalls, and breathtaking scenery. Two primary trails lead to the peaks and take between four and five days to complete. 

The Sasa track (Budadiri trailhead), which is accessible from Mbale, is the more direct route to the summits, passing through the largest amount of bamboo forest. 

Piswa is another trail option and is believed to be a more moderate hike than Sasa.

Virunga Mountains (Volcanoes)

Virunga Mountains uganda (1)
In the majestic Virunga Mountains, which span the borders of Uganda, Rwanda, and the Democratic Republic of Congo, Uganda is home to three of the eight main volcanoes. PHOTO/COURTESY

Uganda shares three of the majestic Virunga Mountains’ eight main volcanoes, which straddle the borders of Uganda, Rwanda, and the Democratic Republic of Congo. 

The three are in southwestern Uganda, near the borders of Rwanda and the Democratic Republic of Congo. The volcanoes provide fantastic day hikes with some of Africa’s best views. 

The Virungas are home to a variety of unusual and uncommon fauna, including Alpine Gorillas, Golden Monkeys, endemic birds, and mountain plants.

i) Muhabura (4127m)

It is the beginning of the Virungas chain, which runs along the Rwanda-Uganda border. 

It’s a longer trek to the top, taking approximately 5 hours, which makes it more difficult, and the descent takes about the same amount of time. 

Its peak features a small crater lake that may be easily circumnavigated for views across the Virunga hills.

ii) Mgahinga (3474m)

This is the smallest of the three mountains, located between Muhavura and Sabinyo but closer to the former. It’s a short and straightforward hike. 

At the peak, there is a larger crater lake that is not easily circumnavigated for greater views.

iii) Sabinyo (3645m)

This is located on the shared border of Uganda, Rwanda, and the Democratic Republic of Congo. 

It is the most difficult of the three due to the more rough terrain with numerous craters, but also the most enjoyable due to the greatest views of the Virungas that span all three countries. 

It features three summits that resemble three spaced teeth, which gives it the indigenous name Sabinyo, which translates as “Old Man’s Teeth.”


Mount Moroto is a 3,000-metre-high extinct volcano in Karamoja. To some, the mountain is a picturesque landscape, but to others, it is home. 

Around 40,000 Tepeth people (perhaps Karamoja’s first residents) live in the highlands of Mount Moroto.

You can opt for a two-hour round trip hike through Tepeth’s homesteads or a three-day adventure to the mountain’s highest peak. 

If you make the ascent, you will be rewarded with cave art, waterfalls, and a diverse bird population.

Must-haves for Mountain Climbing in Uganda

To have a great experience, you need to have the proper packing list for your climbing excursion, which should include the following:

  • Hiking boots to avoid slipping on slippery terrain and falling rocks.
  • A sufficient amount of drinking water to rehydrate
  • Energy-boosting snacks to keep you going strong during the hike.
  • A safe sleeping bag, warm jackets, and sweaters in case of a long hike such as Mount Rwenzori.

If you are looking for a complete Uganda travel experience, we also recommend checking out our guide to Mount MuhaburaMount GahingaKidepo Valley National ParkKibale National ParkLake Mburo National Park and Semuliki National Park.